Half-sister draft horses Liz and Lynnette are leading the campaign trail for Walter Clapp, middle, a Red Lodge, Montana resident who's running for President of the United States. Clapp, 35, is also an attorney, and he's suing the federal government over their prohibition of horses on Yellowstone National Park roads. Credit: Mike Koshmrl/WyoFile

The best Walter Clapp could tell, Lynnette bit Liz.

This story also appeared in WyoFile

The 5-year-old, half-sister, spotted draft horses were feuding, at least judging by the abrasions on their necks.

“Retaliation,” Clapp said, eyeing one of the scarred bite marks.

Clapp, a 35-year-old candidate for the Republican Party’s presidential nomination, is still learning the ropes of horsemanship — he even took a course this summer to learn how to drive the team. He’d bought the setup — horses, buggy and all — from a “modern Amish” farmer in Toston. Factor in a new truck and camper to tow the team around, and it was a major investment: some $50,000, he said, plus much more buried in loans.

“Basically my life savings are right here,” Clapp said.

Clapp rendezvoused with WyoFile on a Saturday afternoon in August on the streets of Cody, Wyoming. His team was hot to trot. The mares clapped their horseshoes off the pavement as their new owner readied the team for an afternoon of campaigning in Park County. 

A mustachioed, quirky, Texas-raised thirtysomething who’s never held office, Clapp recognizes that he’s an unknown candidate. But he’s also relentlessly positive about his prospects. 

Clapp wanted to launch his presidential campaign with Liz and Lynnette from Park County’s namesake: Yellowstone National Park. He called ahead, but was denied. A prohibition against horses on park roads dates to a 1905 regulation, he learned.

“It was passed because horses were having issues with vehicles backfiring,” Clapp said. 

The POTUS hopeful thought he could talk the park into an exception, due to the special circumstances of being on the campaign trail. The request, he was told, was run up the flagpole all the way to Yellowstone Superintendent Cam Sholly. The answer came back the same: No.

Clapp, a practicing attorney and Red Lodge resident, sued.

“The horses are a part of my speech the same way that a megaphone might be a part of another person’s speech,” Clapp said. “They’re a conduit through which to speak.” And while the Yellowstone backcountry is open to horses, it contains none of the park’s dozen designated First Amendment areas and is home to “unlimited” mosquitos, he noted in his 15-page lawsuit.

Yellowstone officials declined an interview for this story, citing park policy about active litigation.

Clapp, who graduated from Georgetown Law and practices in Montana, lists constitutional rights as one of his areas of practice on his website. He vetted the argument with himself, he said.

But one longtime Wyoming attorney who spent a career litigating First Amendment issues is doubtful there’s any merit to Clapp’s argument. Yellowstone officials can regulate the time, place and manner of speech, so long as they’re not regulating its content or viewpoint, according to Bruce Moats.

“They don’t care what his speech is, they’re just saying he can’t have a horse there,” Moats said. 

Walter Clapp is a 35-year-old attorney running for president of the United States. Clapp is suing the federal government because Yellowstone National Park won’t allow him to campaign via horse-drawn carriage. Credit: Mike Koshmrl/WyoFile

Ahead of the legal spat’s outcome, Clapp shifted to plan B. Instead of riding the campaign trail through Yellowstone, he headed south through the Bighorn Basin to Thermopolis before turning west for Jackson, Wyoming. Along the way, near-disaster struck when his team spooked while he was caught on the tongue of his buggy, according to an Instagram post

He took the most direct route to get back home to Red Lodge: through Yellowstone National Park. Liz and Lynnette were in tow, but he left them in the trailer.

“I decided that I didn’t want to get arrested in Yellowstone,” Clapp said. “I’m going to go to the National [Mall] in DC, and I’m going to perform my civil disobedience there, in a different national park.”  

Next up on the Clapp campaign trail is the Iowa State Fair, he said.

In Teton County, Iowa, or wherever he stumps, Clapp is sure to push his chief campaign issue: vastly increasing the size of the U.S. House of Representatives. Specifically, swelling the assembly to roughly 11,000 representatives. That size, he said, would achieve George Washington’s vision of having no more than 30,000 people represented by each member of Congress’ lower chamber. 

Under this residents-to-representatives ratio, Montana would have 38 elected members of the U.S. House instead of two. California, meanwhile, would have 1,308 elected House members, up from 52 today.

Pitching the idea of a larger House to one family ambling the sidewalk in Cody, Clapp was met with silence and then two words: “Thank you.” 

“Have a great day,” he retorted. 

A later exchange with another man went about the same. 

Clapp’s horse-drawn carriage drew plenty of eyeballs. One person after another stared or side-eyed the spectacle.

And one Cody resident was intrigued enough by what the horse-drawn politician was hawking to start a conversation.

“I do have to ask you, is that a poop emoji?” Jennifer Elizabeth Melody asked Clapp.  

Presidential candidate Walter Clapp readies his horse-drawn carriage for a guest. Credit: Mike Koshmrl/WyoFile

It was, in fact, a pile of poo. The emoji was emblazoned on the campaign banner fixed to Clapp’s carriage. A couple of emojis to the left was a bullwhip. Together they told the tale of one Clapp campaign slogan: Bullwhipping the bullshit. 

“I tell people, ‘You have eight times worse representation than the citizens of the United Kingdom,’” he said. “That’s bullshit, and that’s why I bullwhip the bullshit. And yes, I do have a bullwhip, and yes, I can crack it.” 

Melody accepted Clapp’s offer of a carriage ride.

Life on the campaign trail has been a sacrifice, said Clapp, who said he felt a calling and a duty to run.

“I do not want to be here,” he said. “I had the perfect life, man. I was living the dream in Red Lodge.” 

Clapp’s partner, Wyoming Public Media interim news director Kamila Kudelska, will have sacrifices to make, too. 

“She’s completely walled off from making decisions with respect to covering anything presidential related,” Clapp said. “Not just me, but anyone.” 

Why run for president? Some of Clapp’s family urged him to set his sights lower and run for a U.S. House seat instead, he said. 

“I said, ‘If I run for Congress, I will be corrupted,’” Clapp said. 

Being president, he believes, he could stay uncorrupted — partly by giving his power away.

Jennifer Elizabeth Melody, of Cody, talks with presidential candidate Walter Clapp, a 35-year-old Red Lodge resident. Credit: Mike Koshmrl/WyoFile

Another issue Clapp is campaigning on is a proposal to build an underground interstate system over the course of 150 years. The network of tunnels would house a reconfigured electric grid, a transportation system and more, he said. 

Asked how much such infrastructure would cost, Clapp said “money is made up.” 

“It would cost as much as it needs to,” he said. 

Initiating a presidential campaign is notoriously easy, and the Federal Elections Commission currently lists 1,037 candidates for the 2024 race. 

But Clapp is taking his tilt for POTUS with current President Joe Biden, former president Donald Trump and the rest of the field seriously. His filings with the FEC report that he raised $2,050 through the end of June. Fundraising, he said, has since picked up, and he’s now closing in on $10,000 in donations. 

Clapp’s goal is to earn a spot on the stage on Aug. 23 in Milwaukee for the first Republican debate of the 2024 presidential election cycle. To that end, Clapp is seeking 40,000 individual contributions. He intends to drive Lynnette and Liz out East even if the Republican National Committee doesn’t admit him to the debate.

So far, he said, the committee has been unresponsive to his inquiries about what it takes to make the debate stage.

Walter Clapp, a Republican candidate for president of the United States, drives his horse-drawn carriage down Sheridan Avenue in downtown Cody, Wyoming, to draw attention to his campaign. Credit: Mike Koshmrl/WyoFile

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