A close-up view of the entrance to a building with a rustic stone facade. A wooden sign features a carved bear and the text "Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks."
Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks' Enforcement Division was the subject of a performance audit that lawmakers will review on Oct. 5, 2023. Credit: Eliza Wiley / MTFP

This story is excerpted from the MT Lowdown, a weekly newsletter digest containing original reporting and analysis published every Friday.

Newly bound by a settlement between a wolf advocacy group and Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks, the seven-member Fish and Wildlife Commission charged with “wise management” of the state’s fish and wildlife resources conducted its business with a particular eye toward transparency when it met Oct. 19.

The Oct. 11 settlement, reached with Stevensville-based nonprofit Wolves of the Rockies, aims to close the book on a year-long dispute over open-government violations, more specifically friction surrounding FWP’s compliance with public record requests and allegations that commissioners acted unlawfully in 2022 when they discussed items on their agenda outside of public process. Four of the body’s five commissioners, all Gov. Greg Gianforte appointees, were implicated in those closed-door meetings conducted via email — enough to form a quorum and thereby violate right-to-know provisions enshrined in the Montana Constitution. The agreement leads with an admission that FWP violated Wolves of the Rockies’ constitutional rights by “failing to produce public information and failing to properly notice and conduct public meetings.”


Montana Senate passes public record request bill

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When commissioners delivered their customary reports at the start of the Oct. 19 meeting, they were required by the settlement to explicitly disclose which groups they’d met with since the body’s last public meeting, a stipulation intended to provide the public with more transparency about who might be lobbying the commission. A number of commissioners said they’d had contact with the Montana Outfitters and Guides Association, a couple had met with Trout Unlimited staff or members, and one commissioner said he’d met with Sportsmen for Fish and Wildlife. The Greater Yellowstone Coalition and local sporting groups also made the list. Only hair Lesley Robinson said she had nothing to disclose.

Other pieces of the settlement involve the disclosure of text messages and emails sent in the periods between public meetings, a commitment to use only government phones and email addresses for commission business, and a requirement that commissioners, who are appointed by the governor to four-year terms, attend trainings on open-meeting and open-record compliance. The 7-page settlement, inked on Oct. 11 and first reported by the Missoula Current, also includes clauses specific to Wolves of the Rockies — for example, a requirement that the commission post comments the group submits online and allow it an hour of public comment during the commission’s June 2024 meeting.

In an Oct. 24 conversation with Montana Free Press, Wolves of the Rockies President Marc Cooke said he has “bittersweet” feelings about the settlement.

“I’m very happy that they were called out for their bad behavior and acknowledged that they violated our constitutional rights, but it was all avoidable — it’s been avoided in the past,” he said. 

Cooke added that he’s not “terribly optimistic” that the agency and commission will uphold the terms of the consent decree.

FWP spokesperson Greg Lemon has said that the agency values transparency and noted that the transparency protections included in the agreement were generated by agency staff. FWP has streamlined the record request process, according to Lemon. 

The March 2022 Wolves of the Rockies complaint that preceded the settlement agreement asserts that some of the organization’s requests for commission communications went unfulfilled for seven months.


Like other state agencies, FWP is subject to statutory deadlines to comply with public record requests after an overwhelming majority of lawmakers voted to apply clear timelines to the statutory definition of “timely” response. Per Senate Bill 232, which went into effect for most executive branch agencies on Oct. 1, those deadlines range from five business days for simple requests to up to six months for larger or more complex petitions.

The settlement with Wolves of the Rockies comes as the agency is subject to more public and legislative scrutiny. Last month, the Legislative Audit Division found that there were cultural issues within the agency’s enforcement division that created an atmosphere of retaliation and intimidation under the leadership of former top warden Dave Loewen. Loewen has since been replaced by Ron Howell.

Editor’s Note: This story was updated on Oct. 25, 2023, to correct the name of Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks’ former enforcement chief. It was also updated to reflect that the Fish and Wildlife Commission contained five members when the open meeting violations occurred; it only later expanded to include seven members.


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Amanda Eggert studied print journalism at the University of Montana. Prior to becoming a full-time journalist, Amanda spent four years working with the Forest Service as a wildland firefighter. After leaving the Forest Service in 2014, Amanda worked for Outside magazine as an editorial fellow before joining Outlaw Partners’ staff to lead coverage for Explore Big Sky newspaper and contribute writing and editing to Explore Yellowstone and Mountain Outlaw magazines. Prior to joining Montana Free Press’ staff in 2021 Amanda was a freelance writer, researcher and interviewer. In addition to writing...