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A state lawmaker convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol has introduced legislation this session that would help people in his position clear their records and regain their driving privileges. 

Great Falls Republican Rep. Scot Kerns, a Lutheran pastor and former Air Force officer, was convicted of first-offense DUI, obstructing a peace officer and unlawful possession of an open alcoholic beverage container in a motor vehicle in 2022, according to Great Falls Municipal Court documents obtained by Montana Free Press and first reported here. 

The convictions stem from a September 2021 incident in which police contacted Kerns while he was asleep in his car in a grocery store parking lot around 12:30 a.m., according to an affidavit of probable cause. A witness had observed Kerns operating his vehicle with beer bottles inside, running over a curb and coming to a stop in the Smith’s Food and Drug parking lot in Great Falls, where police found him sleeping in his car with an open beer bottle in arm’s reach, according to the affidavit. 

(In an interview Friday with MTFP, Kerns presented a different version of events, claiming he was out celebrating his birthday, realized he was too drunk to drive, got into his parked car and went straight to sleep). 

“I was sleeping prior to that,” he said. “I’m not sure where the curbs come from.” 

Kerns’ license was suspended but has since been restored, and he said he completed an “extensive treatment program dealing with alcohol and my military [post-traumatic stress disorder].” He appealed his case to Montana’s 8th Judicial District Court last September, filing a motion to stay execution of his sentence — fines and about a week’s worth of house arrest — until the appeal plays out, according to city court clerk Allison McMaster. 

A little over a year after his arrest, the 2023 legislative session began. Kerns, now in his second term as a lawmaker, proposed a suite of bills related to DUIs, traffic violations and suspended licenses. One of those proposals is House Bill 704, which would create a presumption in law that a person who is convicted of a first-offense DUI, who was inside their car but not “in a gear that allows self-propulsion,” and who had not been involved in a collision could get their record expunged. 

“I’m not saying that shouldn’t be a DUI, yet this person was trying to do the right thing by not driving or putting anyone from the public at risk,” Kerns said during a March 31 Senate committee hearing on the bill. “In this case, this person would be able to seek expungement. DUI convictions have major ramifications and linger with those consequences long after the driver’s license suspension. Fines, fees, high insurance premiums, court-mandated community service are just but a start.” 

Kerns did not disclose to the committee that “this person” could be himself.  

The Senate Judiciary Committee tabled the bill Thursday. 

Kerns also proposed House Bill 315 to remove the minimum penalty for driving with a suspended or revoked license, and House Bill 365, which would allow a person with a suspended license to receive a “provisional, restricted or probationary license” if they complete a court-ordered driver rehabilitation or improvement program. HB 315 never made it out of its first committee, while HB 365 passed a preliminary vote in the Senate Friday. Kerns said he’s disappointed that all three bills haven’t made it through the process.

Kerns told MTFP Friday that based on a discussion with his lawyer, he doesn’t think the facts of his case would allow him to seek expungement under HB 704 should it come off the table and pass, but he wasn’t sure exactly why. 

“I’m not trying to do this for me,” Kerns said. “Obviously it’s been multiple years. This doesn’t necessarily affect me.”

Kerns said he brought the proposals because his own prosecution opened his eyes to the difficulty that people in his position face.

“I’m really concerned with my next door neighbor who deals with a similar situation,” Kerns said. “For various reasons, people end up feeling too drunk to drive. This bill [HB 704] allows for a process of expungement of a non-driving DUI. Punishment for DUIs is very very important. I have voted to increase a lot of them. But we need to recognize that events need to be considered in their totality, and a lifetime punishment is excessive if a person was trying to do the right thing in the first place and if it’s a first-time offense.” 

Kerns’ case as described in court filings more or less aligns with his recollection, aside from his dispute about whether he drove his car before deciding to sleep in it. He said he went out to celebrate his birthday, realized he shouldn’t drive, got into his parked car, didn’t put the keys in the ignition, and went to sleep. 

”Punishment for DUIs is very very important. I have voted to increase a lot of them. But we need to recognize that events need to be considered in their totality, and a lifetime punishment is excessive if a person was trying to do the right thing in the first place and if it’s a first-time offense.”

Rep. Scot Kerns, R-Great Falls

When an officer arrived, they observed Kerns sleeping in his car with beer bottles inside, according to the affidavit. The affidavit says the officer knocked on the window, woke Kerns up and opened his door when he refused to do so himself. 

Kerns then refused a field-sobriety test, and the officer informed him he was being detained and asked him to exit the vehicle, according to court records. The report then describes a sort of scuffle, the cause of the obstruction charge. 

The officer pulled Kerns from the car and attempted to cuff him, but Kerns resisted, the affidavit says. In attempting to pin Kerns to the vehicle, the officer “felt something dislodge in my right shoulder.” 

“They were trying to push me against the vehicle, and they put their shoulder into me and hurt their shoulder,” Kerns said. “I’m a bigger guy, you know.” 

A second officer — the one who filled out the probable cause statement — arrived later, detected the odor of alcohol “emanating from Kerns’ person,” and asked him to take a field sobriety test and a breathalyzer test, the statement says. 

Kerns refused both, something he now says he regrets, as he had been asleep “for hours,” he told Capitolized. 

Kerns said the idea for two of his bills came from Great Falls Municipal Court Judge Steven Bolstad, who presided over Kerns’ case. 

Bolstad, reached by phone Friday, acknowledged suggesting to Kerns something that could create a path forward for habitual traffic offenders, but said he never suggested anything about DUI offenses.

In 2017, the Legislature passed a law allowing a person to petition a district court to expunge records of misdemeanor offenses upon completion of their sentence. Presumably, that’s why Kerns would not be eligible to get his conviction expunged — since it’s under appeal, his sentence hasn’t yet been carried out. 

Kerns said there’s no consistent way to specifically seek expungement for a misdemeanor DUI, “even after years and years have transpired, restitution has been made, and treatment has been done.”

He said he didn’t disclose his own conviction during hearings on the three bills because, “truthfully, I think that the bills should be evaluated on their own merit.

“I felt like if I say, ‘Hey, this has happened to me, this is what I’ve gone through,’ that it may be like it’s personal or something like that,” he added. 

Conflict-of-interest standards for Montana legislators are suggestive at best. Statute says that “a legislator concerned with the possibility of a conflict may briefly present the facts to the [Ethics Committee],” and the committee “shall advise the legislator as to whether the legislator should disclose the interest prior to voting on the issue.” 

Even after that, a legislator can still vote on the issue after making the disclosure “subject to legislative rule.”

“Disclosures are important when we’re financially benefiting from something, so the public is made aware, but virtually any bill has some kind of element to it,” Kerns said. “For example, every landlord [in the Legislature] has something. Every bill in [the House Taxation Committee], as I’m a taxpayer, is some kind of thing, but I think we all realize that hopefully the bill will be looked at in the whole.”

Kerns said the incident has given him a fresh perspective on the criminal justice system as a whole, not just people with DUIs. 

“Being around the process, talking with our judges and talking with our lawyers, and dealing with our law enforcement, allows for a better and more sympathetic understanding of all that goes into our criminal justice system,” he said. “On both sides of any issue, there are generally a lot of people trying to do the right thing, for the right reasons.” 

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Raised in Arizona, Arren is no stranger to the issues impacting Western states, having a keen interest in the politics of land, transportation and housing. Prior to moving to Montana, Arren was a statehouse reporter for the Arizona Capitol Times and covered agricultural and trade policy for Politico in Washington, D.C. In Montana, he has carved out a niche in shoe-leather heavy muckraking based on public documents and deep sourcing that keeps elected officials uncomfortable and the public better informed.